What to take for aching muscles
Causes of Muscle Pain and Treatment Options
76 rows · Drugs used to treat Muscle Pain The following list of medications are in some way related to, or used in the treatment of this condition. Select drug class All drug classes miscellaneous analgesics (31) Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (31) analgesic combinations (2) topical anesthetics (20) skeletal muscle relaxant combinations (3) topical rubefacient (34). Jun 06, · Other measures that may provide relief from muscle pain include: gently stretching the muscles avoiding high-impact activities until after the muscle pain goes away avoiding weight lifting sessions until the muscle pain is resolved giving yourself Author: Krista O'connell.
The most common causes of muscle pain are tension, stress, overuse and minor injuries. This type of pain is usually localized, affecting just a few muscles or a small part of your body. Systemic muscle pain — pain throughout your whole body — is more often the result of an infection, an illness or a side effect of a medication.
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Definition Causes When to see a doctor. Products and services. Free E-newsletter Subscribe to Housecall Our general interest mscles keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. Sign up now. Show references Shmerling RH. Approach to the patient with myalgia. Accessed Jan. LeBlond RF, et al.
The spine, pelvis and extremities. In: DeGowin's Diagnostic Ahing. New York, N. Muscle cramps. Merck Manual Professional Version. Sprains, strains and other soft tissue injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. See also Acupuncture for back pain? Acute hepatitis C infection Addison's disease Adjuvant therapy for cancer Adrenal fatigue: What causes it? Adult Still's disease Alternative cancer treatments: 10 options to consider Are leg cramps disturbing your sleep?
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Drugs used to treat Muscle Pain
Mar 30, · #5 – Essential Oils for Sore Muscles Cramps: Try lemongrass with peppermint and marjoram Spasms: Top recommended oils are basil, marjoram and Roman Chamomile. Tension: Try marjoram, peppermint, helichrysum, lavender or Roman Chamomile. Jun 16, · If you get sore muscles once in a while, you can take acetaminophen or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) like aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen . One common medication that may cause mild-to-moderate muscle aches and weakness as a side effect is a statin, which is used to lower cholesterol. If muscle aches do occur with a statin, they generally begin within six months of starting the drug and resolve within approximately two months (on average) of stopping the drug. ? ?.
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Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights. Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. Muscle pain, also called myalgia , is experienced by many. The most common cause of localized muscle pain is overuse or injury of a muscle strain. On the other hand, viral infections like influenza the "flu" may cause systemic muscle pain, as can taking certain medications or having a disease like fibromyalgia or hypothyroidism.
Muscle pain can feel different—aching, cramping, stabbing, or burning—depending on what's behind it. Rarely, a muscle biopsy is required. Once diagnosed, your doctor will devise a treatment plan—one that will hopefully give you the relief you deserve. Note: Muscle pain in infants and children may have different causes than in adults; this article focuses on the latter.
Due to the numerous potential causes of muscle pain, it's easiest to divide them into two categories—those related to localized muscle pain and those that lead to systemic muscle pain. Localized muscle pain refers to pain that is focal, or centered around one muscle or group of muscles. Muscle Strain. For example, when pushing off suddenly to jump during a basketball game, an athlete may overstretch or tear strain their calf muscle. Muscle strains often cause a sudden sharp or tearing sensation, sometimes accompanied by swelling or bruising.
Muscle Cramp or Spasms. A muscle cramp or spasm is a contraction or tightening of a muscle that is not under your control. A classic example is a charley horse, in which your calf muscle squeezes on its own, causing a sudden, intense pain. Once the muscle relaxes usually within seconds , your calf often feels sore. It's unclear what exactly causes muscles to cramp, but experts suspect a multitude of triggers, such as:. Muscle cramps may also occur with various underlying diseases, including cirrhosis and peripheral artery disease.
Muscle Contusion. A muscle contusion bruise may occur as a result of a direct blow against the muscle—for example, from falling onto a hard surface or getting hit during a sports game.
This direct blow or series of blows essentially crushes the muscle fibers and surrounding connective tissue. In addition to muscle pain, the skin around the painful muscle may become swollen and discolored. Moreover, a person may experience stiffness and weakness of the affected area, and in some cases, a hematoma a collection of blood forms around the injured muscle. Myofascial Pain Syndrome. Myofascial pain syndrome MPS is a pain disorder caused by trigger points within a muscle or group of muscles.
Trigger points may be tender to the touch and refer pain to other areas of the body. A common location for trigger points is in your upper trapezius muscles situated at the back of your neck above each shoulder. Compartment Syndrome.
Compartment syndrome is an uncommon disorder that occurs when pressure build-ups within a "compartment" or group of muscles. Pyomyositis is a rare, pus-containing infection of muscle usually from Staphylococcus aureus that causes cramping muscle pain within a single muscle group, most commonly the thigh, calf, or buttock muscles.
As the infection progresses approximately two weeks after the onset of the cramping pain , a fever often develops, and the muscle becomes exquisitely tender and swollen. At this time, an abscess a collection of pus may be visible within the muscle. If not treated, the infection can spread to other organs, like the heart, lungs, and brain. Systemic muscle pain, which is felt all over your body, is often related to an infection, medication side effect, or underlying illness.
Several types of infections, especially viral, may cause muscle pain. Perhaps the most common infectious cause is influenza , commonly known as "the flu. One common medication that may cause mild-to-moderate muscle aches and weakness as a side effect is a statin , which is used to lower cholesterol.
If muscle aches do occur with a statin, they generally begin within six months of starting the drug and resolve within approximately two months on average of stopping the drug. Besides statins, other medications associated with muscle pain include:. Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder that causes widespread muscle pain, often described as aching, sore, stiff, burning, or throbbing. In addition to muscle pain, people with fibromyalgia also may experience sleep problems, fatigue, headache, "crawling" sensations on their skin, morning stiffness, brain fog, and anxiety.
Polymyalgia Rheumatica. Polymyalgia rheumatica PMR is an inflammatory condition seen in older adults, usually in their 60s and 70s, and virtually never before the age of People with PMR often complain of difficulties pulling up their socks or raising their arms above their shoulders to comb or wash their hair. Fatigue, weight loss, poor appetite, and fever may also occur. Rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis RA is a chronic, autoimmune disease that primarily affects the joints, but may also cause muscle pain.
The muscle pain of RA, if it exists, is often prominent and felt all over the body. Besides muscle and joint pain, a low-grade fever, weight loss, and fatigue may be present. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Systemic lupus erythematosus SLE is a chronic, autoimmune disease that affects nearly every organ in the body.
Inflammatory Myopathy. Inflammatory myopathies are systemic autoimmune muscle diseases characterized by slow but progressive muscle weakness. Some people also experience muscle pain or muscles that are tender to the touch. Thyroid Disease. Less commonly, an overactive thyroid gland hyperthyroidism may cause muscle cramps.
Primary Adrenal Insufficiency. Addison's disease , also known as primary adrenal insufficiency, is a rare usually autoimmune disorder that occurs when your adrenal glands do not produce enough of the following hormones:.
These hormone deficiencies lead to a vast array of symptoms, including muscle pain. Osteomalacia refers to significant bone softening as a result of decreased bone mineralization from a deficiency in vitamin D and calcium. In addition to muscle spasms and cramps, people with osteomalacia often report muscle weakness, as well as aching bone pain and tenderness. Osteomalacia also increases a person's fracture risk due to excess bone weakening.
Depression, while a mental health condition, is commonly associated with physical symptoms, such as muscle and joint pain. In fact, sometimes, these generalized aches and pains are the only symptoms a person reports to their doctor. Rhabdomyolysis is a complex muscle disorder in which muscle tissue becomes so damaged that it begins dissolving and releasing substances into the bloodstream.
The classic triad of symptoms seen with rhabdomyolysis include:. It's important to understand that rhabdomyolysis is a step above other causes of muscle pain in that it represents muscle pain associated with muscle breakdown.
Therefore, many causes of muscle pain—excessive strenuous exercise, taking a statin, or having a viral infection like influenza—may progress to rhabdomyolysis. If your muscle pain is worsening or persistent, it's important to promptly see your doctor for a proper diagnosis. It's also important to seek immediate medical attention if you have muscle pain along with any of the following symptoms:. The diagnosis of muscle pain begins with a detailed history and physical exam.
During your doctor's appointment, your physician will ask you several questions to try and pin down your diagnosis. During your physical exam, your doctor may press on various muscles to evaluate for tenderness, as well as inspect the skin and surrounding tissue for swelling, warmth, redness, or skin changes. More specifically, if your doctor suspects myofascial pain syndrome, he will check for potential trigger points. Likewise, for suspected fibromyalgia, your doctor will examine various tender points.
Blood tests can be very useful in diagnosing certain causes of muscle pain. For example, an elevated inflammatory marker, like an erythrocyte sedimentation rate ESR , will be present in polymyalgia rheumatica.
Other pertinent lab tests albeit not an exhaustive list may include the following:. During the diagnostic process, your doctor may order one or more imaging tests. Examples of such tests include:. Depending on what condition your doctor suspects, she may need to perform other tests to confirm a diagnosis.
For example, to diagnose and monitor compartment syndrome, your doctor will insert a thin needle or tube into the affected muscle to access it pressure, taking what's called a compartment pressure measurement. In order to diagnose an inflammatory myopathy, a muscle biopsy may be performed. Lastly, urine myoglobin will be ordered if rhabdomyolysis is suspected. Once you receive a diagnosis for your muscle pain, your doctor will create a treatment plan that addresses both your pain and the underlying problem.
When muscle pain is related to overuse, strain, or contusion, it may be treated with the R. Besides soothing your muscle pain, your doctor may prescribe various medications to treat the underlying problem:.
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