What region is salt lake city in
Salt Lake City metropolitan area
Salt Lake City is the capitol city of the state of Utah and boasts a population of , million residents as of the census and its metro population is the third largest after Denver and Phoenix in the western United States. Salt Lake City encompasses fifteen suburbs and is the seat of Salt Lake County. Salt Lake City, state capital and seat () of Salt Lake county, north-central Utah, U.S., on the Jordan River at the southeastern end of Great Salt Lake.
With an estimated population ofin the city what region is salt lake city in the core of the Salt Lake City metropolitan areawhich has a population of 1, estimate. Salt Lake City is further situated within a larger metropolis known as the Salt Lake City—Ogden—Provo Combined Statistical Areaa corridor of contiguous urban and suburban development stretched along a mile km segment of the Wasatch Frontcomprising a population of 2, as of estimates making it currently the 22nd largest in the nation.
It is the larger of only two major urban areas located within the Great Basin the other being Reno, Nevada. Salt Lake City was founded in by early pioneer settlers, led by Brigham Youngwho were seeking to escape persecution they had experienced while living farther east. The Mormon pioneersas they would come to be known, entered a semi-arid valley and immediately began planning and building an extensive irrigation network which could feed the population and foster future growth.
Salt Lake City's street grid system is based on a standard compass grid plan, with the southeast corner of Temple Square the area containing the Salt Lake Temple in downtown Salt Lake City serving as the how to write a dialogue example of the Salt Lake meridian. Inthe word "Great" was dropped from the city's name. Immigration of international members of the LDS Church, mining boomsand the construction of the first transcontinental railroad initially brought economic growth, and the city was nicknamed "The Crossroads of the West".
It was traversed by the Lincoln Highwaythe first transcontinental highway, in Two major cross-country freeways, I and Inow intersect in the city. The city also has a belt route, I Salt Lake City has developed a strong tourist industry based primarily on skiing and what has holes but holds water recreation. It hosted the Winter What region is salt lake city in. It is known for its politically liberal and diverse culture, which stands at contrast with the rest of the state's conservative leanings.
At the time of Salt Lake City's founding, the valley was within the territory of the Northwestern Shoshone. Army officer John C. Upon arrival at the Salt Lake Valley, president of the church Brigham Young is recorded as stating, "This is the right place, drive on.
They found the broad valley empty of any human settlement. There was a Native American population in how to clean pergo floor valley, but an outbreak of measles during the winter of killed many. The Salt Lake Temple, constructed on the block later called Temple Square, took 40 years to complete. Construction started inand the temple was dedicated on April 6, The temple has become an icon for the city and serves as its centerpiece.
The southeast corner of Temple Square is the point of reference for the Salt Lake meridianand for all addresses in the Salt Lake Valley. The pioneers organized a state called State of Deseretand petitioned for its recognition in The United States Congress rebuffed the settlers in and established the Utah Territoryvastly reducing its size, and designated Fillmore as its capital city.
The city's population continued to swell with an influx of converts to the LDS Church and Gold Rush gold seekers, making it one of the most populous cities in the American Old West. The first group of settlers brought African slaves with them, making Utah the only place in the western United States to have African slavery. Slavery was abolished in the territory during the Civil War.
Explorer, ethnologist, and author Richard Francis Burton traveled by coach in the summer of to how to connect tp link wireless router to laptop life in Great Salt Lake City. He was granted unprecedented access during his three-week visit, including audiences with Brigham Young and other contemporaries of Joseph Smith. The records of his visit include sketches of early city buildings, a description of local geography and agriculture, commentary on its politics and social order, essays, speeches, and sermons from Young, Isaac Morley, George Washington Bradley and other leaders, and snippets of everyday life such as newspaper clippings and the menu from a high-society ball.
Disputes with the federal government ensued over the church's practice of polygamy. A climax occurred in when President James Buchanan declared the area in rebellion after Brigham Young refused to step down as governor, beginning the Utah War. A division of the United States Armycommanded by Albert Sidney Johnstonlater a general in the army of the Confederate States of America, marched through the city and found it had been evacuated.
They continued their march through the deserted city to vacant land at the southwest corner of the valley. There they set up Camp Floyd 40 miles 64 km south of the city. Another military installation, Fort Douglaswas established in to maintain Union allegiance during the American Civil War.
Many area leaders were incarcerated at the territorial prison in Sugar House in the s for violation of anti-polygamy laws. The church began its eventual abandonment of polygamy inreleasing "The Manifesto"which officially suggested members obey the law of the land which was equivalent to forbidding new polygamous marriages inside the US and its territories, but not in church member settlements in Canada and Mexico.
This paved the way for statehood inwhen Salt Lake City became the state capital. Mass migration of different groups followed. Ethnic Chinese who had laid most of the Central Pacific railway established a flourishing Chinatown in Salt Lake City nicknamed "Plum Alley", which housed around 1, Chinese during the early 20th century.
The Chinese businesses and residences were demolished in although a historical marker has been erected near the parking ramp which has replaced Plum Alley.
Immigrants also found economic opportunities in the booming mining industries. European ethnic groups and East Coast missionary groups constructed St. This time period also saw the creation of Salt Lake City's now defunct red-light district that employed courtesans at its height before being closed in During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, an extensive streetcar system was constructed throughout the city, with the first streetcar running in and electrification of the system in As in the rest of the country, the automobile usurped the streetcar, and the last trolley was approved for conversion inyet ran untildue to World War II.
Trolley buses ran until The city's how to switch users in vista began to stagnate during the 20th century as population growth shifted to suburban areas north and south of the city.
Few of these areas were annexed to the city, while nearby towns incorporated and expanded. As a result, the population of the surrounding metropolitan area greatly outnumbers Salt Lake City. A how to become a forest service law enforcement officer concern of recent government officials has been combating inner-city commercial decay. The city lost population from the s through the s, but experienced some recovery in the s.
Presently, the city has gained an estimated what do i get my sister for her birthday percent of its population since the year The city has experienced significant demographic shifts in recent years.
Salt Lake City was selected in to host the Winter Olympics. The games were plagued with controversy. A bid scandal surfaced in alleging bribes had been offered to secure the bid. During the games, other scandals erupted over contested judging scores and illegal drug use. Despite the controversies, the games were heralded as a financial success, being one of the few in recent history to turn a profit.
In preparation major construction projects were initiated. Local freeways were expanded and repaired, and a light rail system was constructed. Olympic venues are now used for local, national, and international sporting events and Olympic athlete training. Salt Lake City hosted the 16th Winter Deaflympic games intaking place in the venues in Salt Lake City and Park City and Rotary International chose the city as the host site of their convention, which was the single largest gathering in Salt Lake City since the Winter Olympics.
Volleyball Association convention in drew 39, attendees. Inthe city experienced a 5. Salt Lake City has an area of The lowest point within the boundaries of the city is 4, feet 1, m near the Jordan River and the Great Salt Lake, and the highest is Grandview Peak,  at 9, feet 2, m.
Its encircling mountains contain several narrow canyons, including City CreekEmigrationMillcreekand Parley's which border the eastern city limits.
The burgeoning population of Salt Lake City and the surrounding metropolitan area, combined with its geographical situation, has led to air quality becoming a concern.
The Great Basin is subject to strong temperature inversions during the winter, which trap pollutants and decrease the air quality. The Utah Division of Air Quality monitors air quality and issues alerts for voluntary and mandatory actions when pollution exceeds federal safety standards. Protests have been held at the Utah State Capitol and Democratic lawmakers have introduced legislation in the Utah State Legislature to make public transportation free during January and July, when air quality is usually at its worst.
The metabolic activities of bacteria in the lake result in a phenomenon known as "lake stink", a scent reminiscent of foul poultry eggs, two to three times per year for a few hours.
The highest mountaintop visible from Salt Lake City is Twin Peakswhich reaches 11, feet 3, m. The Wasatch Fault is found along the western base of the Wasatch and is considered at high risk of producing an earthquake as large as 7.
Catastrophic damage is predicted in the event of an earthquake with major damage resulting from the liquefaction of the clay- and sand-based soil and the possible permanent flooding of portions of the city by the Great Salt Lake.
The second-highest mountain range is the Oquirrhs, reaching a maximum height of 10, feet 3, m at Flat Top. The mountains near Salt Lake City are easily visible from the city and have sharp vertical relief caused by ancient earthquakes, with a maximum difference of 7, feet m being achieved with the rise of Twin Peaks from the Salt Lake Valley floor. Several Lake Bonneville shorelines can be distinctly seen as terraces on the foothills or benches of nearby mountains.
The city, as well as summer baby monitor how to switch cameras countyis laid out on a grid plan. The grid's origin is the southeast corner of Temple Square, the block containing the Salt Lake Temple; the north—south axis is Main Street; and the east—west axis is South Temple Street.
Addresses are coordinates within the system similar to latitude and longitude. Odd and even address numbering depends on the quadrant of the grid in which an address is located.
The rule is: When traveling away from the grid center Temple Square or its axes Main Street, South Temple Streetodd numbers will be on the left side of the street. The streets are relatively wide due to the direction of Brigham Young, who wanted them wide enough to permit an ox-pulled wagon team to turn around without "resorting to profanity". Though the nomenclature may initially confuse new arrivals and visitors, most consider the grid system an aid to navigation.
Some streets have names, such as State Street, which would otherwise be known as East. Other streets have honorary names, such as the western portion of South, named "Adam Galvez Street" for a local Marine corporal what region is salt lake city in in action or others honoring Rosa ParksMartin Luther King Jr.
These honorary names appear only on street signs and cannot be used in postal addresses. In the Avenues neighborhoodnorth—south streets are given letters of the alphabet, and east—west streets are numbered in 2.
Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, planned the layout in the " Plat of the City of Zion " intended as a template for Mormon towns wherever they might be built. In his plan, the city was to be developed into acre 4. However, the blocks in Salt Lake City became irregular during the late 19th century when the LDS Church lost authority over growth and before the adoption of zoning ordinances in how to apologize to your friend in a text s.
The original acre 4. The original water supply was from City Creek. Subsequent development of water resources was from successively more southern streams flowing from the mountains east of the city. Some old irrigation ditches are still visible in the eastern suburbs, or are still marked on maps, years after they were gone.
The contemporary city
Apr 22, · The capital, Salt Lake City, is located in the north-central region of the state. The state lies in the heart of the West and is bounded by Idaho to the north, Wyoming to the northeast, Colorado to the east, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west. Map of Salt Lake City area, showing travelers where the best hotels and attractions are located.
Utah , constituent state of the United States of America. Mountains, high plateaus, and deserts form most of its landscape. The capital, Salt Lake City , is located in the north-central region of the state. The state lies in the heart of the West and is bounded by Idaho to the north, Wyoming to the northeast, Colorado to the east, Arizona to the south, and Nevada to the west.
At Four Corners , in the southeast, Utah meets Colorado, New Mexico , and Arizona at right angles, the only such meeting of states in the country. Utah became the 45th member of the union on January 4, Salt Lake City is the world headquarters of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints , commonly known as the Mormon church, and the spiritual home of adherents throughout the world.
Before the arrival of the first Mormon pioneers, Utah was inhabited by several Native American tribes, including the Ute , for whom the state is named. From the beginning of Mormon settlement in , the pioneers set about wresting a green land from the deserts, gradually supplementing their crops with the products of industry and the earth.
The economy of present-day Utah is based on manufacturing, tourism , and services, in addition to agriculture and mining. Area 84, square miles , square km. Population 2,,; est. The Colorado Plateau comprises slightly more than half of Utah. Relatively high in elevation, this region is cut by brilliantly coloured canyons. The western third of the state is part of the Great Basin of the Basin and Range Province , a broad, flat, desertlike area with occasional mountain peaks. The Great Salt Lake lies in the northeastern part of the region.
To the southwest of the lake is the Great Salt Lake Desert , covering some 4, square miles 10, square km , which include the Bonneville Salt Flats , the site of many automobile and motorcycle land-speed trials. The Middle Rockies in the northeast comprise the Uinta Mountains , one of the few mountain ranges in the United States running in an east-west direction, and the Wasatch Range.
Along the latter runs a series of valleys and plateaus known as the Wasatch Front. The Wasatch Range exhibits many glacially formed features such as cirques and moraines. Canyons have been formed by various streams. Elevations range from 13, feet 4, metres at Kings Peak in the Uintas to about 2, feet metres in the southwestern corner of the state. The Oquirrh and Deep Creek ranges of the Great Basin are important for their deposits of copper , gold, lead, and zinc.
Utah contributes to three major drainage areas—the Colorado and Columbia rivers and the Great Basin. The Colorado and its tributary, the Green , drain eastern Utah. The Colorado River Storage Project includes several dams and many lakes in that area. Rivers in the central and western parts of the state include the Bear, Weber, Provo , Jordan, and Sevier, all of which flow into the Great Basin. All of the river systems are important for their irrigation and power potential.
Irrigation was among the first Mormon pioneer efforts in , and since then irrigation and water conservation have become increasingly important. The irrigation complex in Utah comprises a number of dams, reservoirs, canals and ditches, pipelines, and flowing wells, exclusive of the large Glen Canyon and Flaming Gorge dams.
State boards and departments regulate water use, while the division of health maintains water-quality standards under the Water Pollution Control Act of The desert soil that covers most of the state lacks many organic materials but contains lime. Lack of adequate drainage in the Great Basin has damaged surrounding soils with saline materials and alkali salts. The richest soils are in the centre of the state, from the Idaho border almost to Arizona , where most farming is done.
Mountain soils provide a habitat for conifers and other trees. Videos Images. Additional Info. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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