Kinds of doctors list and what they do
25 Types of Doctors, What They Do, & What They Earn
Apr 27, · Different Types of Doctors + What They Do; Best Colleges for Pre-Med Students. Trying to figure out what kind of doctor to become? To help you get a better idea of what to specialize in, we put together this list to help you gain a deeper understanding of the different kinds of doctors and what they do in each specialty, as well as the average. Jan 29, · Surgeon - A surgeon is a doctor that specializes in surgical operations and will have their own specialties such as orthopedic, ENT, brain, nuro, cardiovascular, maxillo-facial surgery, plastic surgery, and transplant surgery. Thoracic Oncologist - This doctor deals with cancer of the lungs, esophagus and chest.
Do you know how to improve your profile for college applications? See how your profile ranks among thousands of docctors students using CollegeVine. Trying to figure out what kind of doctor to become?
To help you get a better idea of what to specialize in, we put together this list to help you gain a deeper understanding of the different kinds of doctors and what they do doctrs each specialty, as well as the average salary. You can choose to clerk for doctors in different areas, such as general surgery, gynecology, internal medicine, and orthopedics.
Learn more about how to become a doctor and the steps you should take as early as high school to streamline your journey. A Doctor of Medicine focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Dovtors Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine DO takes a more holistic approach to treating and preventing disease.
Keep in mind that there are many, many more! Some of these disorders include food allergies, asthma, eczema, autoimmune how to get nvocc license, and more. They are responsible for pain relief and maintenance, as well as keeping the patient stable during and after a medical procedure.
Anesthesiologists should have a knowledge of what drugs may interact with anesthetic agents and whether the patient has any conditions that could complicate surgery. Cardiologists focus on diseases of the cardiovascular system, or the heart, lungs, and blood vessels. These diseases include things like ischemic heart disease, pericarditis, congenital heart wha, and hypertension. This is more of a high-tech specialty, with more coctors and non-invasive diagnosis and treatment options.
Dermatologists are lit to treat ro diagnose benign and malignant skin disorders, in addition to issues with hair and nails, the mouth, and more. Some dermatologists also perform a variety of surgical and cosmetic procedures, like soft tissue fillers, liposuction, anti-aging treatments, and doctoors reconstruction. Emergency physicians work in the emergency department and must be prepared to make decisions and take action quickly to prevent death or further disability an the patient.
This is a high-pressure and fast-paced role with a need for broad medical knowledge and strong clinical and technical skills. Endocrinologists focus on the internal glands of the body, such as the adrenal or thyroid glands. Much of their work also includes treating and dealing with obese patients, as it can be a contributing factor in endocrine diseases and Type lust diabetes.
Family medicine is a broad specialty focused on the complete health of the family. These physicians treat all ages and are trained in different areas like pediatrics, geriatrics, internal medicine, and obstetrics and gynecology.
These physicians must have unique skills liet allow them to provide such a broad scope of care and be an advocate for their patient and their entire family. Internalists are trained to treat and diagnose common and complex diseases in adolescents, adults, and the elderly.
These diseases can affect any part of the body and range from a simple ear infection to cancer. Their primary how to open zip files on a pc is health maintenance, disease screening, and diagnosis and care, as well as being a resource to other areas, such as obstetrics or surgery.
A medical geneticist focuses on genetic disorders and birth defects. Their role is to use advanced testing to provide llist counseling, prevention and therapeutic interventions. As a geneticist, you will help the patient and their family understand and cope with the disorder.
You will also act as the middleman between scientists making positive advancements in genetic llst treatment and the patients that can benefit from the treatment. A neurologist treats conditions that affect the brain, spinal cord, nervous system, and muscles. Neurology is also closely linked with psychiatry. Our free how to get rid of stretch marks after childbirth engine takes into account your history, background, test scores, and extracurricular activities to show you your real chances whag admission—and how to improve them.
Nuclear medicine specialists use properties of radioactive atoms and molecules to research, diagnose, and treat disease. Coronary artery disease, cancer, and blood clots are some examples of different issues that nuclear medicine specialists might diagnose or treat.
This specialty requires knowledge of the biologic effects of radiation and how to use radiation detection and imaging. The obstetrics and gynecology specialty focuses on medical and surgical care for women. Obstetrics focuses on childbirth and the care of women before, during, and after. Gynecology focuses on the care and treatment of the female reproductive system and breasts.
An Ob-Gyn can act as a consultant for other physicians or as the main physician whom patients see regularly. Ophthalmology llst the study of the eye and visual system. Opthamologists can treat patients for any issues that affect the structure of the eye, the orbit, or the visual pathways.
They can also prescribe glasses and contact lenses. Orthopedic surgeons focus on preserving and restoring the form and function doxtors the spine and extremities through surgical and physical means. Orthopedic surgeons work with patients who have musculoskeletal issues that stem from injuries, injections, diseases, tmors, and more.
This is another specialty where vo makes a huge difference, particularly with microsurgery and improved methods of joint replacements. Pathologists how to get to tibidabo barcelona in the study of disease, specifically the causes of certain diseases and how and why they affect the body the way they do.
Pathologists tend to do a lot of lab work and tests on body fluids, secretions, tissues and cells in order to further their how to take battery out of macbook pro of disease.
Pediatricians work with children and focus on their physical, emotional, and social health. Plastic surgeons specialize in repairing, reconstructing, or replacing any physical defects in form or function of the body.
In addition dcotors cosmetic plastic surgery, plastic surgeons are vital to help with skin grafts or tissue transfer that can result from injury or complex wounds. This specialty can also be referred to as rehabilitation medicine and focuses on working with listt with physical disabilities. Physiatrists approach treatment from a holistic perspective, considering what does when doves cry mean the physical and psychological aspects.
The preventative medicine specialty znd a variety of different areas that all work together to prevent disease, disability, and premature death, and improve the overall health of the population. These areas include epidemiology, biostatistics, health services management, environmental factors, occupational health, and more. Preventative medicine practitioners may work in places like hospitals, family practices, health agencies, government, and can be involved in public health or public policy.
Psychiatrists prevent, theg, and treat mental, behavior, addictive, and emotional disorders. These can include disorders like anxiety, substance-abuse, schizophrenia, and more. Psychiatrists rely on discussion to help treat many of these disorders, often in an individual or kimds setting. Pharmacological treatments may also be used for patients. This specialty focuses on treating cancer, with a specific emphasis oof ionising radiation.
Treatment involving beam radiotherapy, radioactive explanations, chemotherapy, hypothermia, and more can be used. Radiologists work to diagnose doctorx treat diseases using different forms of imaging, including X-rays, ultrasound, and MRI.
They can specialize in a variety of different areas, such as pediatric imaging or mammography. Physicians who specialize in sleep medicine concentrate on the diagnosis and management of sleep-related conditions, such as insomnia, narcolepsy, or sleep apnea. General surgeons must have broad knowledge of all the different diseases and conditions that might need surgery. The most common areas that surgeons operate on how to use quinoa for breakfast the breasts, neck, peripheral vasculature, abdomen, and skin.
Rarely will they perform neurologic, thoracic, urologic, or orthopedic surgery, but they should have the knowledge to refer patients to these specific surgeons.
Urologists study the urinary tract in both males and females and can also perform surgery. Diagnostic procedures are an important skill for urologists to master, along with having strong surgical skills, dexterity, and hand-eye coordination. As a result, most pre-med students major in a science; biology or chemistry tend to be popular. But, you can also major in kinds of doctors list and what they do subjects, such as liat or Spanish. Learn more about the best majors for pre-meds in this blog post.
While there is no pre-med major, some colleges are known for having stellar pre-med advising, access to medical opportunities, strong STEM courses, and high medical school acceptance rates. View more top pre-med schools this what i do kid ink see your chances of acceptance. To learn more about these schools and search for more that tney your med school goals, sign up for a free CollegeVine account. You can research college with strong pre-med programs, fo your school list, and see your real admissions chances at hundreds of different schools.
We'll send valuable information to help doo strengthen your profile and get ready for college admissions. Asia Bradlee April 27, 7 min read Pre-Med. Calculate Your Chances for Free. What are the Best Schools for Pre-Med? Want more tips on improving your academic profile? Loved the article? Share it! Asia Bradlee Blogger at CollegeVine. Short bio. She's held theu writing positions and has experience doctor about everything from furniture to higher education to nutrition and exercise.
Other articles by Asia. April 27, 7 min read Pre-Med. April 23, 6 min read Financial Aid. April 20, 5 min read Career Path Breakdowns. Related CollegeVine Blog Posts. Applying to CollegeCollege Lists 6 min read. Financial Aid 3 min read. Ivy League Admissions Results for the Class of
Jan 20, · What Are the Different Types of Doctors? Anesthesiologists. These doctors give you drugs to numb your pain or to put you under during surgery, childbirth, or Cardiologists. They’re experts on the heart and blood vessels. You might see them for .
With upwards of 1 million licensed doctors in the United States, there have never been more caretakers to help you maintain perfect health. But nearly all patients would agree that finding the right Doc can be tricky.
Yes, most doctors wear a white coat or a pair of scrubs, and can be found in hospitals or steely offices — but the truth is that doctors are vastly different from one another, and most have an expertise in one particular area of medicine.
There are hundreds of documented medical specialities and related certifications that physicians can pursue in their career, and there is often a special doctor for each affliction or illness, no matter how complex or rare that condition may be.
Where does one start when faced with a specific health issue? First step: It's a good idea to establish care with a primary care doctor , so that you have someone to oversee your healthcare treatment. They'll work with other doctors when the time comes, too: "Your primary care provider is an important first stop when receiving care, and they can help you to determine when you may need to see a specialist," says Craig Hersh, M.
Hersh tells Good Housekeeping. Sometimes, though, you might need direct access to a specialist — say, if you've moved recently and don't have a primary care provider just yet.
With the help of Dr. Hersh, we'll explore the most common types of doctors you'll likely turn to for help in your lifetime — each of these 26 specialists can help address unique health concerns, and may finally get you the treatment you've been searching for.
This article generalizes the roles and descriptions of common doctors and specialists: It isn't intended to be a complete list, nor is it reflective of laws, statutes, regulations, license issues, or Medical Practice Acts by state.
It is meant to be educational in nature and isn't a substitute for actual medical or treatment advice from a licensed professional. Remember: Always call if you are experiencing a life-threatening emergency. Also known as a family physician , a primary care provider is in charge of handling your routine healthcare appointments, including annual physicals and vaccinations over time.
Primary care doctors should always be your first call if you have a health concern that isn't an emergency, as they can help treat everything from the common cold to a physical injury. More often than not, they'll attempt to alleviate any symptoms you are experiencing; they may also refer you to another doctor or specialist. These doctors work similarly to a primary care provider, in that they can see a patient routinely over their lifetime; unlike their counterparts, however, they usually have a background in internal medicine and spend their time in hospitals.
Internists don't usually treat children or preteens, but care for anyone else from young adults to elderly patients, especially those who need help in diagnosing or managing chronic conditions or diseases. They may specialize in certain areas as well, like gastroenterology. Pediatricians handle scheduled care and check-ins for infants, toddlers, younger children, adolescents, preteens, and most teenagers.
They function like a primary care provider, designed for children specifically, but also keep kids' vaccinations up to date and do important screenings as they get older. Pediatricians are also a good point of contact to discuss any particular health concerns or questions about your child's physical or mental development.
Some elderly individuals may transition from a primary care doctor to what's know in the healthcare space as a geriatric specialist. Geriatricians take over primary care of people who are aging, and can help manage conditions that particularly impact the elderly, everything from severe arthritic pain to diabetes and dementia. These docs are on the other end of the family medicine spectrum from pediatricians! Gynecologists , of course, handle preventative care for women in reproductive health, menopause, and hormone issues — and you know that an obstetrician specifically looks after pregnant women and delivers their babies.
Nearly everyone knows that dermatologists have the best information about routine skincare — but they're also the specialist in charge of treating more serious skin issues, hair loss , or nail irregularities.
Rashes or severe acne , rosacea or psoriasis , and skin cancer are treated; these specialists examine symptoms, help you manage them as best as possible, and provide a longterm treatment plan if possible. These physicians are specially trained to determine if someone has an allergy, and they may also be referred to as an immunologist. If you're wondering if you have an allergy, an allergist is the doctor to see. In addition to diagnosing and managing allergies, these specialists may also help manage asthma, certain lung conditions, and immunodeficiency disorders.
An allergist can give patients with allergies injections to help manage their allergies in the long run. These physicians are in charge of taking care of your heart, but they'll most likely step in for direct care if you have high blood pressure, or experience heart failure or irregular heartbeats.
Cardiologists often use physical stress tests and electrocardiography to diagnose, treat, and prevent other issues. You'll also have to be under their care after a heart attack , as your primary doctor may need screening done for future heart conditions. These physicians look after your eyes, both medically and surgically, which is different from a optometrist , who is responsible for eye tests and corrective lenses as well as prescribing medication for some diseases. Opticians solely help you with the fit of your glasses and contacts overall.
Ophthalmologists will also be needed if you develop a serious eye impairment, like glaucoma and cataracts as you age. For those dealing with diabetes or a thyroid issue, an endocrinologist will help you pinpoint the source of trouble or help you troubleshoot longterm solutions. These specialists assess and treat internal glands that produce hormones and other bodily functions.
Digestive issues? If they're not clearing up — whether it's diarrhea , bloating, acid reflux , or excessive flatulence — it's time to ask for a gastroenterologist's help. Gastroenterologists — who are licensed physicians, unlike gastrologists — treat anything related to your digestive system including bad breath!
They may also screen you for issues later in life, like a colon cancer screening such as a colonoscopy. Out of all doctors on this list, this may be one of the few that often require a referral; these doctors specifically look at whether a health issue has been inherited at birth, or if your genes are causing or will cause an issue in the future.
They'll often help patients understand how genetic conditions could be passed along to a child preemptively, or they'll help to treat hereditary conditions that turn up.
If you're suffering an iron deficiency, or more serious conditions like anemia or hemophilia inability to clot , a hematologist will step in to assess issues in your blood. They can be instrumental in preventing and treating cancers of the blood , such as leukemia. Ah, the good brain doctor. But did you know that neurologists are also in charge of managing symptoms related to the nervous system, or anything that relates to your spine?
Most often, neurologists tend to patients who have survived a stroke , or battle serious conditions like Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis MS , and numbness or nerve pain caused by neuropathy. You may also seek them out for migraines and severe headaches that aren't going away. These specialized surgeons also take care of your head and neck, but they focus on sinus, hearing, and throat disorders, among other issues.
They are more commonly referred to as ENTs because they take care of your "ear, nose, and throat" primarily. You may visit an ENT for sinus issues, allergies and their side effects, as well as swallowing and hearing issues. You'll be heading to a podiatrist if you have foot, ankle, or lower leg pain or issues that can't be addressed by your primary care provider.
While a visit to the podiatrist is often because someone has physically injured muscles, joints, or bones in their feet, these foot docs can also manage side effects from chronic conditions like diabetes. Often mentioned in the same breath as a immunologist, these specialists are in charge of mitigating any pain or health concerns in your lungs and the entire respiratory system.
You'll be referred to them for asthma often , but pulmonologists also diagnose and treat conditions like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD , emphysema, and lung cancer. Believe it or not, this doctor is just focused on a singular organ in your body: The kidney. They are often called in for longterm treatment for serious chronic kidney diseases, of which there are many : They may also set up dialysis for those experiencing kidney failure.
These doctors may be known as virologists, or epidemiologists, but more routinely they're called infectious disease physicians. A referral to an oncologist might be terrifying for some, especially if they have yet to yield a positive result for any kind of cancer, but oncologists are often first examining your body , blood, or tissue samples beforehand. They may treat a benign tumor, which isn't cancerous by nature, but these specialist are still required.
Oncologists are the point people for anyone who is living with cancer, and they'll draft treatment options, plus additional care when you reach remission. These doctors are different from what's known as a naturopath , or a natural doctor. Osteopaths , titled as D. Particularly, they often focus on relieving physical pain and tension in your body, especially in muscles and in joints.
These specialized care providers only see you for a short amount of time, and mainly for one thing only: Tests. Radiologists use imaging of all kinds to make an official diagnosis after another doctor or your primary care provider orders a test.
The radiologist will make a detailed report to send back to your primary doctor or the specialist who ordered the test. Their testing services most commonly include:. Another highly targeted care provider, a urologist will treat pain and conditions related to the urinary tract including bladders and urethra for both men and women.
They may troubleshoot issues like incontinence or help you pass a kidney stone; for men, they also deal with reproductive concerns. A visit to a plastic surgeon's office isn't always for "craniofacial" adjustments. A bulk of a plastic surgeon's doesn't have to do with cosmetic procedures: They take care of the physical reconstruction of the body, and can help to repair your skin after a serious injury or burn , for example.
A special note on the following healthcare providers: They all address aspects of mental health in one way or another, with differences based on patients' needs. Each of them have different academic qualifications of various degrees, and they work in vastly different settings as well. Hersh explains. Product Reviews. Home Ideas. United States. Type keyword s to search. Today's Top Stories. Kritchanut Getty Images. A primary care provider can treat symptoms associated with conditions like: Asthma Rash Topical burns Fevers or colds Nausea Diarrhea or gastrointestinal distress Body pains and aches Headaches Ear or sinus pain Coughs and sore throats Bumps, cuts, and scrapes Allergic reactions Urinary issues Diabetes Eye pain or irritation Internist: These doctors work similarly to a primary care provider, in that they can see a patient routinely over their lifetime; unlike their counterparts, however, they usually have a background in internal medicine and spend their time in hospitals.
Pediatrician: Pediatricians handle scheduled care and check-ins for infants, toddlers, younger children, adolescents, preteens, and most teenagers. Geriatric specialists: Some elderly individuals may transition from a primary care doctor to what's know in the healthcare space as a geriatric specialist. Dermatologist: Nearly everyone knows that dermatologists have the best information about routine skincare — but they're also the specialist in charge of treating more serious skin issues, hair loss , or nail irregularities.
Allergist: These physicians are specially trained to determine if someone has an allergy, and they may also be referred to as an immunologist. Cardiologist: These physicians are in charge of taking care of your heart, but they'll most likely step in for direct care if you have high blood pressure, or experience heart failure or irregular heartbeats. Ophthalmologist: These physicians look after your eyes, both medically and surgically, which is different from a optometrist , who is responsible for eye tests and corrective lenses as well as prescribing medication for some diseases.
Endocrinologist: For those dealing with diabetes or a thyroid issue, an endocrinologist will help you pinpoint the source of trouble or help you troubleshoot longterm solutions. Gastroenterologist: Digestive issues? Geneticist: Out of all doctors on this list, this may be one of the few that often require a referral; these doctors specifically look at whether a health issue has been inherited at birth, or if your genes are causing or will cause an issue in the future.
Hematologist: If you're suffering an iron deficiency, or more serious conditions like anemia or hemophilia inability to clot , a hematologist will step in to assess issues in your blood. Neurologist: Ah, the good brain doctor.
Otolaryngologist: These specialized surgeons also take care of your head and neck, but they focus on sinus, hearing, and throat disorders, among other issues.
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