How to solder terminals to wire
DIY: How to solder your wiring connections like a professional | Hagerty Media
The solder should be fed into the “cool” side away from the heat, which allows it to be drawn in smoothly by the heat transfer through the wires. Once the connection evenly turns the correct silver color of solder, remove the soldering iron and allow the joint to cool. Once cool, inspect the union to ensure proper penetration of the lovetiktokhere.comted Reading Time: 2 mins. There are solder-cup products to choose from which can accept wire sizes from 32 AWG to 14 AWG including: receptacles designed to accept mating pins from” to” – mm); male terminals with pin diameters of to” – mm); spring-loaded pins with” to” ( – mm) stroke.
Shop by your vehicle Close. Guide to proper soldering of terminals The secret of good soldering is to use the right amount of heat. Too little heat will result in a cold solder joint; too much heat can seriously damage a component. The key factors in quality soldering are time and temperature. Generally, rapid heating is desired. If heat is applied too long, the flux may be consumed and surface oxidation can become a problem.
All soldering should be performed with a soldering iron rated at approximately 45 watts. The tip should be kept clean by brushing it frequently on cool wallpaper for whatsapp profile moist sponge. You may use an iron that plugs directly into a wall outlet, or for better temperature control, use a soldering station. Soldering stations usually have a variable temperature control, which lets you set the right amount of heat to be used.
For good heat conduction between the soldering iron and the joint, a small amount of solder should be applied to the tinned portion of the soldering-iron tip, and this surface should be applied to the backside of the terminal. The solder wire is then applied to the front side of the terminal, but is not brought into contact with the iron See figure 1. When the solder melts into the terminal and wire, the joint is properly soldered.
The reason the iron is placed on the backside and the solder wire to the front side is that solder travels toward heat. This procedure avoids a cold solder joint that could cause trouble in the future. It is a good idea for the inexperienced hobbyist to practice soldering with some scrap terminals and wire. Good practice tips: 1. Apply enough solder so that every strand of wire is surrounded by solder.
1. First, clean the wire and the terminal meticulously and tin the wire with Sn60 or, better yet, Sn63 tin-lead solder. Second, crimp the terminal onto the wire. Third, use a vise to gently hold the wire steady several inches away from the terminal.
Last Updated: October 5, References Approved. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. There are 13 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed , times. Learn more Soldering involves melting a low-temperature metal alloy over a joint or wire splice to secure 2 pieces together without the risk of them coming undone.
If you want to combine 2 wires, you can easily use solder to make a connection that will last for a long time. Start by stripping the wires and wrapping them around one another to start the connection. After that, you can melt the solder directly onto the wires to secure them in place. Tip: If you have stranded wires, you can also separate the individual strands and push the 2 wires together so the strands intermesh.
Twist the strands together to make a solid connection. Support wikiHow by unlocking this staff-researched answer. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers. Please log in with your username or email to continue. No account yet? Create an account. Edit this Article.
Tips and Warnings. Things You'll Need. Related Articles. Part 1 of All rights reserved. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc. Strip 1 in 2. Secure the jaws of a wire stripper 1 inch 2. Squeeze the handles together firmly together and pull the jaws toward the end of the wire to remove the insulation. Just be careful not to cut through the actual wire inside.
If you accidentally break strands off of a stranded wire, then the wire could cause a fuse to blow. Cut any remaining strands on the wire and try stripping it again.
Slide a piece of heat-shrink tubing onto one of the wires. Slide the heat-shrink tubing onto one of the wires and move it at least 1 foot 30 cm away from the exposed end. Twist the ends of the wires together to combine them. Line up the centers of the exposed wires so they form an X-shape. Bend one of the wires down to twist it around the other wire as tightly as you can so it has a firm connection. Repeat the process with the other wire so your splice looks even on both sides.
Clamp the wires in alligator clips to keep them off of your work surface. Alligator clips are small metal grips that work well for holding wires in place without them moving around.
Place the alligator clips vertically on a flat work surface so the jaws face up. Secure each of the wires into 1 alligator clip so the splice is supported off the work surface between them.
Make sure you work in a well-ventilated space since the fumes from the soldering iron can be harmful. Use a scrap piece of metal or a non-flammable material under the alligator clips to catch any solder spills. Put rosin flux on the spliced wire to help the solder adhere better. Rosin flux is a compound that helps clean the wires and allows the solder to stick to them. Put a bead-sized amount of rosin flux on your finger and rub it over the exposed wires.
Wipe any excess flux off of the wires with your finger or a paper towel. Part 2 of Solder is usually made with a combination of metals that melt at a low temperature, like tin or lead. Lead can be harmful if you consume it, so make sure to wash your hands thoroughly after you solder with it. You can also get lead-free solder, but it may be more difficult to work with. Melt solder on the tip of your soldering iron to prevent oxidation.
Put on a pair of safety glasses to protect your eyes. Turn on your soldering iron and let it heat up completely, which should only take a few minutes. Hold the end of your solder directly on the end of the iron so a thin layer of it melts onto the iron. Continue putting solder on the iron until it has a shiny appearance. Hold the soldering iron against the bottom of the splice to heat the flux. Keep the soldering iron turned on and place it on the bottom side of the wire splice. The heat will transfer from the iron and into the wires so the flux turns into a liquid.
Once the flux starts bubbling, you can begin adding solder to the splice. Run the tip of the solder on top of the wire so it melts into the wires. Keep the soldering iron on the bottom of the wire to continue heating it. Run the solder over the entire splice so it can melt and travel into the gaps between the wires. Let the solder cool for about minutes so it solidifies. After about minutes, the solder will solidify and you can handle it again.
Part 3 of Rub silicone paste on the soldered wire to make it waterproof. Silicone paste, also known as dielectric grease, prevents the metal wires from rusting and makes your splice completely waterproof.
Use a bead-sized amount of silicone paste and spread it over the soldered wire with your finger. Make sure the wire has a thin, even layer of the silicone paste so it stays protected. Slide the heat-shrink tubing over the exposed wires. Take the heat-shrink tubing that you put on the wire earlier and move it back over the soldered wire.
Use a heat gun to shrink the tubing over the soldered wires. Turn the heat gun onto the lowest setting and start applying heat to the center of the tubing. Work around the entire circumference of the wire, heating from the center to the edges so excess silicone paste oozes out of the sides. Once the heat-shrink tubing is tight on the wire, you can stop applying heat.
Wipe off any excess silicone paste with a paper towel. There will be some silicone paste that leaks out the sides of the tubing as it shrinks. Once you remove the silicone paste, your wires are finished! Did you know you can read answers researched by wikiHow Staff? Unlock staff-researched answers by supporting wikiHow. Yes No. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 0. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 1. The trick is simultaneously to heat both the contact point and the end of the wire enough to cause the solder first to melt and then stick to both surfaces at the same time.
It takes practice. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 9. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Submit a Tip All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published. Helpful 1 Not Helpful 0. Wash your hands thoroughly after handling leaded solder, since the lead can make you sick if you consume it.
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