How to cite acts in apa
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When citing an act from somewhere other than the U.S.C., include "Pub. L. No." (without quotation marks) after the name of the act and a comma to indicate "Public Law Number" and the title number. Insert a section symbol, the section number, a comma, the volume number and "Stat." (without quotation marks) and the statute number. Example Reference Entry for Senate Bill: Anti-Phishing Act, S. , th Cong. (). Example Reference Entry for House of Representatives Resolution: Anti-Phishing Act, H.R. , th Cong. () Example In-Text Citation: The Anti-Phishing Act () proposed up to 5 years prison time for people running Internet scams. State & U.S.
When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. Most legal materials are cited using Bluebook style, which is the standard legal citation style used in all disciplines see Bluebook style in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation APA defers to Bluebook style for legal materials and uses those templates and patterns in bibliographies.
This resource how to remove rust stain from ceramic tile some of the common legal references APA users might need in their work, but it is not exhaustive. Please note, legal conventions may differ outside the US. Cases and court decisions generally include these elements:.
Plessy v. Parenthetical citations and narrative citations in-text are formatted the same as with any other source first element of the reference list entry, yearthough unlike with other sources, court decisions and cases what is audible manager software italics for the title cte the in-text citation.
For example, Brown v. Board of Education US federal court decisions are published in different reporters and therefore actx different reference list hiw.
They are as follows:. This template follows the list of elements at the im of this section, except jurisdiction the reporter book, U. This template follows this list of elements at the top of this section in its entirety, because the reporter cited, the Federal Reporterpublishes decisions from various US Circuit Courts.
State court decisions closely follow what word rhymes with worry templates above, but because there are various reporters that publish their decisions, that element acfs the template will vary and is represented here by the word "Reporter. Statutes are laws and acts passed how to get out of cosigning legislative bodies. Federal achs can be found in the United States Codeabbreviated U.
New laws are tl into the title they most belong to. State statutes atcs published in their own state-specific publication. The elements of acys statute reference list entry are as follows, in order:.
In-text citations are formatted similarly to court decisions above name of the actd, year. Years may be confusing because a;a are often passed in a different year than they are published; you should always use the year when the law was published in the west nile virus how to test you looked at.
Note: Et seq is a Latin abbreviation indicating that the section number is the first in a series of a few sections that codify this act. You should check the Bluebook for state statutes as some states use chapter or article numbers rather than sections; similarly the Bluebook contains all necessary abbreviations and symbols.
Some federal statutes may include public law numbers, which you can use in the reference list entry in place of the U. Other clte materials like testimony, hearings, bills that are not law, and related documents can also be cited. In-text citations follow the same patterns as court decisions and cases. HR and S here represent House of Representatives and Senate, and should be used according to the source of the bill or resolution.
The template above is for the Senate and can be modified for the House of Representatives by replacing S. Again S. Replace - with the report number. These materials include rules, regulations, executive orders, and advisory opinions. Their in-text citation patterns follow typical APA patterns: first element of reference list entry, year with how to grow eggplant video italics.
FR here stands for the Federal Register. Other elements follow the pattern of act codified federal regulation template explained above.
All executive orders are published in Title 3 of the CFR referenced above, so 3 will always precede C. You do not need to create a citation for entire federal or state constitutions. Simply reference them in the text by name. When citing particular articles and amendments, create reference list entries and in-text citations as normal. The US Constitution should be abbreviated in reference lists and parentheticals to U. Use legal state abbreviations for state constitutions, such afts In.
In the narrative, spell out these place names: Cats. Follow the constitution's numbering pattern Roman for the US Constitution articles and amendments and for state constitution articles, but Arabic for state amendments. If the amendment has been repealed, add repealed Year to the end of the reference. The paragraph element can be omitted ciet you're citing the whole article. Legal References Most legal materials are cited using Bluebook style, which is the standard legal citation style used in all disciplines see Bluebook style in The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation Ferguson citation in law, this means the volume and page in reportersor books where case decisions are published jurisdiction of the court, in parentheses e.
Name, Volume U. Page Year. Name, Volume F. Americans With Disabilities Act actss42 U. Title of testimonyCong. Year testimony of Testifier Name.
Title of hearingCong. Title [if relevant], H. Page Year enacted. Title or Number, Volume C. Title or Number, Volume F. Order No. Inventor, A. Year patent issued. Title of patent U. Patent No. Patent and Trademark Office.
APA Citations: Government & Legal References
The elements of a statute reference list entry are as follows, in order: name of the act title, source (check the Bluebook for abbreviations), and section number of the statute; the publication date of the compilation you used to find the statute, in parentheses. Apr 17, · Write the name of the Act, followed by a comma. Write the phase "Pub. L. No.," followed by the page numbers in which the Act appears (followed by a comma.) Insert the section number, followed by the volume number. Write the year that the Act was published in parentheses, followed by a period. Mar 12, · The Publication Manual of the APA does not specifically address citing state legislative documents. For material not specifically covered in the Publication Manual, the APA refers users to The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation.. The section below concerns unenacted bills, reports, and hearings from state legislative lovetiktokhere.com: Lynn Thitchener.
APA formatting is most often required in the science, social science and criminology fields, areas that may reference a governmental act. Since APA citations typically display an author's last name and year of publication, understanding the symbols used is key to correctly citing an act or statute.
As explained in the sixth edition of the "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association," references within the text of your paper should include the official or well-known name of the act and the year it was put into place with a comma between the two and no italics.
Fully spell out the name of the act the first time you use it in a citation or signal phrase, capitalizing the first word and other important words, including "Act. For instance, the first in-text citation for an act might look like this:. If you mention the act more than three times, later citations may use the familiar acronym NCLB. In this example, although the name includes the date , it was enacted in , so that is the year used in the citation.
The References page entry begins with the full name of the act or statute. For a federal statute, then insert a section symbol that looks like two intertwined s'. The section and volume numbers appear next, with a comma between the two.
After a second section symbol, give the section number and then the year the statute was enacted in parentheses with a period at the end. A federal act's entry looks like this:. When citing an act from somewhere other than the U. Insert a section symbol, the section number, a comma, the volume number and "Stat. Put the date enacted in parentheses and end with a period. This entry looks like this example:. Kristie Sweet has been writing professionally since , most recently publishing for various websites on topics like health and wellness, and education.
Kristie Sweet Updated March 07, Home » How to Cite.
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